Climate is an average weather condition on an annual basis covering a relatively wide area. The climate of a place is known from annual weather data such as air humidity, temperature, wind patterns and minimum rainfall of 10-30 years.
n addition to weather, other indications that can be used as determinants of climate types in a region are natural vegetation or plants that dominate an area, such as tropical rain forests, deciduous forests, or needle-leafed forests.
Indonesia is known as a tropical country. This is often associated with warm weather and only has two seasons, namely the dry season and the rainy season. But what exactly makes a region tropical?
Please note that climate has an understanding of the average weather conditions of a region in a wide range. Climate in general can be seen from air humidity, air temperature, wind patterns and rainfall in a minimum period of 10 to 30 years.
In addition to the factors that affect the average weather, the type of natural vegetation also determines a tropical climate. For example the types of plants that grow in an area such as tropical rain and mangrove forests.
The tropical climate itself is divided into two types: wet tropical climate and dry tropical climate, with several characteristics as follows:
Wet Tropical Climate
Indonesia is a wet tropical country. Some characteristics are as follows:
- Air with high humidity (more than 90%)
- High rainfall
- The air temperature is above 18 degrees Celsius to 38 degrees Celsius in the dry season
- Seasonal differences are not too striking
Dry Tropical Climate
- Air with low humidity (less than 50%)
- Relatively low rainfall
- Strong solar radiation so that there are rarely clouds
- Dominated by the desert
Although the tropical climate is divided into a wet and dry tropical climate as above, there are several similar characteristics which include the following.
- Located on the earth between 23.5 ° north latitude and 23.5 ° south latitude
- Has a high air temperature between 18 to 38 degrees Celsius
- Unobtrusive weather changes such as 4 seasons
- The same time of day and night is around 12 hours
- Conditions of air temperature and weather are relatively stable so that it becomes one of the popular tourist destinations that can be visited at any time
- Air pressure tends to be low
- High evaporation of sea water so that there are lots of clouds
- Higher rainfall than other temperate countries
- Land conditions are relatively fertile due to sufficient rainfall and sunlight
- There is sunshine all year round
- Has two seasons, namely the dry season and the rainy season
Tropical Climate in the World
Areas with tropical climates are usually located not far from the equator. Maybe we think that only countries in Southeast Asia have a tropical climate. In fact, some countries in the west also have a tropical climate, namely:
- Countries in Central America
- Region of the Caribbean Islands
- Territory of the Bahamas
- The northern part of South America which includes Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Guyana,
- Suriname, Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Chile
- Part of the territory of Mexico
While some countries in the Middle East region with a tropical climate are
- Southern part of Saudi Arabia
- United Arab Emirates
Areas with tropical climates in Asia include
- Southeast Asian countries
- Hong Kong
- Southern India
- Part of the territory of Taiwan
- Part of the country of Bangladesh
- Maldives Islands